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A Couple of Helpful Tips to Better Your Children’s Science Results

For most primary school children, they would have ended their Science examinations and be awaiting their results. Upon getting the paper, parents would realise that their children may not have done as well as they ought to, or may have lost marks where they shouldn’t have. Here are a couple of tips to help your children better their Science results.

Tip: Eliminate the distractors

MCQ options that are not the correct answers are also known as distractors, for a good reason. A good MCQ question should test your children’s knowledge and distractors serve to ‘distract’ your child from the correct answer. Remind your children to cross out or eliminate the incorrect options as they answer their MCQ questions.

Strategy: Analyse their incorrect options

To help you understand where your children has any misconceptions or incomplete understandings, it is useful to analyse their wrong options. Ask your children to explain why certain options or distractors are the incorrect answers to you. Analysing your children’s wrong options for a few questions is more beneficial than providing answers to them all the time.

Tip: Identify the key ideas & words

It is essential to understand the key idea which a question is asking for and provide the suitable key words to answer the question. Very often, children answer using ‘lay’ or naive language. To answer their open-ended questions better, your children have to learn how to use the ‘scientific’ terms that they have taught in their open-ended answers.

E.g. Why can’t you see an object in a dark room.

Common Answer: There is no light in the room.- Not good enough

Suggested Answer: There is no light source (keyword) in the room therefore there is no light reflecting off the object into your eyes. (key idea)

Strategy: Use ‘scientific language’ often

When teaching your children, ask them to highlight or underline the key words in their answers. If they have no key words or ideas to underline, their answers are probably not good enough!

You may also guide them by asking them to rephrase the question into a sentence starter or ask them to answer the question verbally first.

E.g. Why can’t you see an object in a dark room?can be rephased as An object in a dark room cannot be seen as … … … …During the course of answering or rephrasing the question, if your child is unable to identify or understand the key ideas and words in the question, he or she probably did not understand the question in the first place.

Try to should use ‘scientific’ language in your everyday talk to your children to get them into the habit of using these terms and phrases. E.g. Water from the orange juice has evaporated as compared to the orange juice evaporated (which is conceptually wrong)





Useful tips!

Hi Niedino!

Thanks for sharing wonderful tips.

 Hi Niedino! Thanks for the

 Hi Niedino! Thanks for the write-up – I gain into another aspect how to teach SCIENCE to my DD1.

Thank you.


Interesting info :)

Interesting info 🙂

Very good pointers, thanks

Very good pointers, thanks Niedino !



Thanks for the tips Niedino,

Thanks for the tips Niedino, especially on the distractors in MCQs.  DS1 lost many marks in SA1 becos of them!

Thanks for the tips. Are you

Thanks for the tips. Are you science tutor?

looking for more tips from you.


Hi Niedino! Thanks for sharing the tips on your second blog. It is reassuring to know & note that i have done exactly ALL of what was posted! I’m all smiles now and giving myself an imaginary pat on my back. I have done a little bit of extra which i may share as well when i have time to spare on my hands. 😀 Kudos! Can’t wait for more!

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