Intellectual Growth Chart (The 1st 6 Years)

One of the greatest concerns we parents naturally have is how our babies are growing with respect to the accepted norm.  Here’s a growth chart that you can refer to for children from 0 to 6 years old.

Age What many children do… If you have concerns about your child’s development, talk with a professional such as a pediatrician…
Newborn Babies listen and respond to your voice and other sounds; they tell their feelings by cooing, gurgling, smiling, and crying. If your 3-month-old does not respond to your voice and other sources.
3 to 8
Babies play with sounds and they babble to themselves. They use sounds to communicate (smiling a the sound of a happy voice, and crying or looking unhappy on hearing an angry voice). Babies can play peek-a-boo. They wave arms and kick feet to show excitement, and they enjoy being read to. If your 8-month-old is not making several sounds or does not reach for and grasp objects.
8 to 12
Babies understand and respond to gestures, facial expressions, and changes in tone of voice. If someone asks, "Where’s Mommy?" babies will look for their mother. Babies understand simple words, such as "Da Da." Babies put books in their mouths and turn pages in sturdy books. If your baby does not look at people who talk to him or her. If your baby is not pointing at or making sounds to get what he or she wants, like favorite toys.
12 to 18
Babies say first words. They understand a few words and simple directions. They know their own names. They will give you a toy if you ask for it. Babies create long babbling sentences and look at picture books with interest. If your 18-month-old does not say more than a few words clearly.
Toddlers 18 to 24
Toddlers put two or more words together to make short sentences like "want juice" or "car go." Toddlers learn new words quickly. They can copy adult sounds, words, and motions. Toddlers ask and answer simple questions. They can use crayons and markers for scribbling. If your 20-month-old cannot follow simple request, such as, "Come to Daddy." If your 24-month-old does not use two words together.
24 to 36
Older toddlers listen to stories being read. They like to play pretend games. They love asking "why" questions. They use "no" and "not" a lot. Toddlers enjoy looking at picture books, turning pages, and naming objects they see. Their scribbling is becoming more like writing. If your 2-year-old does not ask questions or respond to simple questions with "yes" or "no."
Preschoolers 3 to 4
Young preschoolers make comments and requests, and tell others what to do. They can talk about things that happened and make up stories. They listen attentively to stories and retell stories themselves. They enjoy books that tell about real things as well as make-believe. They may revert to toddler behavior when feeling upset or shy. They make shapes such as circles and squares and pretend to write the way they have seen adults write. If your 3-to-4-year-old does not use language freely, experiment with verbal sounds, and begin to use language to solve problems and learn concepts.
4 to 5
Preschoolers know the names and sex of family members and other personal information. They play with words and make up silly words and stories. They are beginning to draw figures that represent people, animals, and objects. They understand that pictures, numbers, words, and letters are symbols of real things and ideas. They "write" as a way to tell stories and offer information. They enjoy "reading" on their own. They may recognize a few words such as their name or words on signs. If your child is embarrassed and disturbed by his or speech, or if you or your child’s caregiver have concerns about your child’s language skills.
5 to 6
Children can recognize and reproduce many shapes, letters, and numbers. They are gaining control over writing and drawing tools. They understand that letter written on a page represent spoken words. They use invented spelling (tp for top, Mry for Mary). They dictate stories for others to write. They enjoy using computers. Work with your child’s teacher to assess his or her language skills through the elementary school system.
Age Here are some activities to help your child learn about language. Do them for as long as your child enjoys them. Then add new activities as your child grows older.
to 3 months
Listen and talk to your baby throughout the day.

    *Find out what your baby’s sounds and actions mean. Talk to your child about what he or she seems to be saying.
    *While feeding, diapering, and bathing your baby, take time to sing songs, say nursery rhymes, and smile and coo in response to the baby’s smiles and coos.
    *Smile and praise your baby for learning something new.
3 to 8
Talk and play with your baby.

    *Use words and play actions when talking with your baby.
    *Play games with your baby, such as peek-a-boo and pat-a-cake, that teach your child about taking turns when communicating with another person.
    *Place a rattle in your baby’s hand. Hold out a squeeze toy for your baby to grab.
    *Hand things to your baby and ask the baby to hand them back.
8 to 12
Read and tell stories with your baby every day.

    *Make reading a shared experience. Point to pictures and name the objects.
    *Provide books that are safe to touch and taste. Cloth, vinyl, and washable books are good for babies to handle.
    *When you read to your baby, hold the baby on your lap and hold the book so that the baby can see the pictures.
    *Use puppets, dolls, and other toys as story props.
12 to 18
Provide play materials that match your baby’s skill and interest.

    *Let your child "play telephone." Have a pretend telephone conversation.
    *Let your child play with pots, pans, wooden spoons, plastic containers, and other safe household items.
    *Arrange pillows and other objects on the floor for your child to crawl around or on and play with.
18 to 24 months Help your toddler talk about the present, the past, and the future.

    *Help your toddler learn new words to talk about what he or she did in the past and will do in the future. "I think it’s going to be sunny tomorrow. What would you like to do?"
    *Discuss the day’s events at bedtime. "Remember when we went to the park?"
24 to 36
Read books and do activities that let toddlers join in.

    *Play make-believe with your toddler. Provide props so that the toddler can play dress-up or doctor.
    *Arrange a special time for reading.
    *Respond to your toddler’s request to be read to.
    *Read some of the same books again and again, and encourage your toddler to join in with the words he or she knows.
3 to 4
Provide books in English and in your family’s home language.

    *Let your child see him- or herself in books. Choose some books about families like yours and people from your cultural and ethnic group.
    *Have a special place for books, magazines, and other reading materials in the home. Your child should be able to reach books without help in a reading corner and in other places around the home.
    *Help your child to create his or her own "This Is Me" album. Together with your child look at and talk about the family album, photographs, or special memorabilia.
4 to 5
Show your child how reading and writing are important in daily life.

    *Point out the print around you and show how it serves a purpose. Watch TV together and talk about books that relate to topics seen on TV.
    *Let your child see you enjoying a book or magazine often.
    *Encourage reading in different places. When you go out with your child, take books for the child to read in the car or on the bus.
5 to 6
Make sure that your child has writing materials and places to write.

    *Let your child see you write every day.
    *Put writing materials for your child — paper, pencils, crayons, markers, and chalk — in an open box on a low shelf so that the child can reach them easily.
    *Talk with your child about his or her writing.
    *If you cannot read the words your child has written, ask your child to read the writing to you. Over time, your child will learn how to write words that others can read.

Source: Kidsource

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