# What’s the Problem in Problem sums?

I’ve heard so many parents complain about the difficulties their child face when doing problem sums, and that practicing on more assessment books or repeated explanation and teaching sometimes just don’t seem to work.

So, what exactly is the *PROBLEM *in problem sums?

To help you understand this academic task better, we are going to analyse and break down the steps and cognitive skills needed to excel in this section of the subject of Mathematics.

**Firstly**, I need you to understand that **Cognitive Skills **are __underlying sets of abilities __that we need to have in order to understand, remember and apply the content (i.e subjects like English, Chinese, Maths, Science,etc) learned in school.

Therefore, the purpose of this article is to help you understand and find out if your child has the necessary abilities to do the task given, and not discussing about the complexity of the questions.

Alright, using a ‘relatively easy’ question adapted from the Primary 2 level, we will be breaking down the underlying skills needed to solve the question:

__Example:__

(ii)

329 people attended a concert on Friday night. This was __97 more than the
__ (i) (i)

__number__

__of__

__people who attended the previous night__. A

__total of 754 people__

(i)

__attended the__

__concert on__

__Saturday and Sunday__. What was the final total

attendance for the four nights of concert?

*Analysis of Skills needed:*

(i) Visual Discrimination

– To clearly see the numbers given in the correct sequence (329, not as 392)

(ii) Meaning of Words* (commonly known as Vocabulary)*

– When is ‘previous night’ referring to? (Ans: Thursday night)

– The word ‘total’ was mentioned twice, but are referring to different parts of the question

(iii) Verbal Relations *(how the words, ideas are related or linked)*

– ’97 more than the number…. the previous night’ (more than which number?)

– Were there 754 people for Saturday and another 754 people for Sunday?

(iv) Selecting & Applying Numerical Processes *(which numbers to use first, how to use them – addtion? subtraction? Or both?)*

– There are three sets of numbers: 329, 97, 754 (which order should they be used? And how are they to be used in relation to each other?)

If this question is as easy as it seems, why then are some children having difficulties scoring it? The key, then, may be the lack of or weakness in critical underlying abilities.

To understand your child better, **JOIN US** for an informative session to explore how Cognitive Abilities are related to their academic performance.

**Article contributed by ThinkersBox**