Hello, can someone please approve the following answers:
Notice the following
(A) Shouting as they advanced, the soldiers stormed the enemy stronghold.
(B) Shouting as they advanced, the enemy stronghold was stormed by the soldiers.
The first of these groups is a good sentence; the second is not. Can you tell why?
For questions starting with the continuous form of a verb ('ing' form),
the person responsible for the action (that
appears in the 'ing' form) must appear after the comma in
Always check to see if the noun appearing after the comma is
indeed the one doing the action found in the beginning of the
Running home, I fell down. - 'I' am the
one responsible for the action of 'running home'.
Running home, the bus knocked into
me. - This statement is wrong as the bus is not responsible for
the action of running home.
Hence, sentence given in part B is wrong as 'the enemy stronghold'
appears after the comma meaning that the enemy
stronghold is responsible for the action of 'shouting'
which does not make sense.
From the following, write the good sentences only (my answers at bottom page):
1. Leaving aside his fork, the gardener wheeled his barrow from the vegetable plot.
2. Mounting his horse, the messenger rode off at top speed.
3. Feeling rested, the journey was resumed by the traveller.
4. Cycling carelessly down the street, an accident occurred.
5. Having obtained the teacher’s permission, the girls went home.
6. Having bought a ball, a game was played by the boys.
7. Rounding the bend, the castle was sighted.
8. Having settled with the bully, I continued on my way.
9. Strolling through the wood, the boy discovered an unused tunnel.
10. Mooning at her work, mistakes were made by the girl.
11. Closing the gate, the farmer drove the cattle down the lane.
12. Having worked hard, a prize was gained by the girl.
1, 2, 5, 8, 9, 11
In the same way, statements 3, 4, 6, 7, 10 and 12 are wrong
because the person who is responsible for the action (that is in the
'ing' form) is not found after the comma.
Example (no. 12)
'Having worked hard, a prize was gained by the girl'. The
prize did not work hard so the sentence does not make sense.