Find the ratio of x : y : z.

How many methods can be used to solve this question? Thanks!

Find the ratio of x : y : z.

How many methods can be used to solve this question? Thanks!

waterflow

X = 2(Y + Z)/7

21X = 6Y + 6Z eqn (1)

Y = 3(X + Z)/8

16Y = 6X + 6Z eqn (2)

eqn(2) – eqn (1) gives

21X – 16Y = 6Y – 6X

27X = 22Y

Y = 27X/22 eqn(3)

Substitute (3) into (1):

21X = 6(27X)/22 + 6Z

6Z = (231X-81X)/11

Z = 150X/66 = 50X/22

X: Y : Z = 1 : 27/22 : 50/22 = 22 : 27 : 50

Nickal

Appreciate the help 👍

ChiefKiasu

Hmm… I guess there’s no way to solve this except by equations 🙁

Adwin

Actually, the method they learnt in primary school is to identify either the part, total or difference that remains unchanged (as per picture).

mr.tan

Nice! I really like this solution.

waterflow

Very good solution!

Nickal

This method will be easier for most students to understand! Tq

mr.tan

Are they doing 3 unknowns at P6 now? Wow. Anyway here's a solution.CHANGE FRACTIONS TO INTEGERSX = 2/7 (Y + Z) => 7X = 2Y + 2Z ...... (Eq1) Y = 3/8 (X + Z) => 8Y = 3X + 3Z ...... (Eq2)THINKING PROCESSIf we eliminate one unknown, we have an equation in 2 unknowns. That gives us a ratio. So we have to decide what to eliminate. For X: we can do 3 * Eq1 and 7 * Eq2 to get 21X For Y: we can do 4 * Eq1 and 1 * Eq2 to get 8Y For Z: we can do 3 * Eq1 and 2 * Eq2 to get 6Z Seems easier to get rid of Y as it involves only 1 equation.MECHANICAL ALGEBRA MANIPULATION4 * Eq1: 28X = 8Y + 8Z = (3X + 3Z) + 8Z (substitute Eq2) = 3X + 11Z So we have 25X = 11Z andX:Z = 11:25. We let X=11u and Z=25u. We substitute them into Eq2: 8Y = 3X + 3Z = 3(X + Z) = 3(36u) = (3 x 9 x 4)u SoY = (27 x 4/8)u = (27/2)uThereforeX:Y:Z = 11u : (27/2)u : 25u = 22:27:50.CHECKLet X=22, Y=27 and Z=50 (we can do 22u, 27u or 50u; it is the same). X = 2/7 x (27 + 50) = 2/7 x 77 = 22 Y = 3/8 x (22 + 50) = 3/8 x 72 = 27 Both relations check out.

Nickal

Tq for taking time to do the detailed working. 👍