Yes, there was such a question and in fact, the Science questions on Adaptation often requires students to infer. So one tip to teach your children is to make educated guesses based on the information given in the question and phrase it with key words that they learnt. E.g. Dogs sticking their tongues out are a behavioural adaptation to help them cool down, while the elephants’ ears are a structural adaption to help them cool down.
Hope it helps!